Psellus, Michael

Psellus, Michael
(1018–ca. 1078)
   Byzantine scholar, philosopher, author, and statesman, who undertook a classification of DEMONs in his work On the Work of Demons.
   Michael Psellus was born in Constantinople, where he rose to prominence in the royal court as a lawyer and philosopher. He became imperial secretary under Emperor Michael V in 1041–42. He taught philosophy at the Academy at Constantinople, where he advocated the ideas of Plato over those of the more popular Aristotle. Psellus’ book On the Work of Demons was translated into Latin by Marsilio Ficino, and then into Italian by a mid-16th-century scholar. He said the DEVIL was the artificer of all evils, the lord of subcelestial things, and the counterpart to God.
   In the Neoplatonic view, demons were more like the Greek DAIMONES, morally ambivalent intermediary beings rather than FALLEN ANGELS. Psellus’ demonic classes are
   • leliouria, shining or glowing ones who live in the ether, a rarified sphere beyond the Moon
   • aeria, demons of the air below the Moon
   • chthonia, demons who live on the land
   • hydraia or enalia, demons who live in the water
   • hypochthonia, demons who live beneath the earth
   • misophaes, blind and nearly senseless demons who hate the light and live in the lowest parts of HELL Demons swarm everywhere. Higher demons act on the intellect, imagination, and senses, and lower demons are animalistic, causing disease and bad luck and engaging in POSSESSION. Lower demons can speak, and they utter false prophecies.
   Demons can be repelled by sacred words and objects in Christianity, Psellus said, and by holy women and men, who can cause them great pain.

Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. . 2009.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Psellus, Michael — • Byzantine statesman, scholar and author (1018 1078) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Psellus, Michael — ▪ Byzantine philosopher, theologian, and statesman born 1018, Constantinople died c. 1078       Byzantine philosopher, theologian, and statesman whose advocacy of Platonic philosophy as ideally integrable with Christian doctrine initiated a… …   Universalium

  • Michael Psellus —     Michael Psellus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Michael Psellus     (Michael ho Psellos), Byzantine statesman, scholar, and author, born apparently at Constantinople, 1018; died probably 1078. He attended the schools, afterwards learning… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Michael Psellos — This article is about the 11th century Byzantine historian and philosopher. For the 9th century Byzantine Emperor with the byname Psellus, see Michael II. Michael Psellus the Elder redirects here and is covered below under Pseudo Psellus. Michael …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Caerularius —     Michael Cærularius     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Michael Cærularius     (Keroulários).     Patriarch of Constantinople (1043 58), author of the second and final schism of the Byzantine Church, date of birth unknown; d. 1058. After the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Michael I Cerularius — Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople See Patriarchate of Constantinople Enthroned …   Wikipedia

  • PSELLUS — sub Constantino Duca (inquit Vir Clariss. Io. Voss. l. 2. de Histor. Grac. c. 26.) qui Isacio Commeno annô suffectus 1058. claruit πολυγραφώτατος ille Michael Psellus. Praefectus fuit studii Michaelis Ducae. Constantini Ducae filii: qui A. C.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Michael IV the Paphlagonian — Michael IV the Paphlagonian Μιχαὴλ Δ´ ὁ Παφλαγὼν Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Gold histamenon of Michael IV s reign …   Wikipedia

  • Michael VII Doukas — Michael VII Doukas Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Nomisma histamenon of Michael VII Doukas. Emperor with attributes. Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Michael VI Stratiotikos — Michael VI Bringas Μιχαήλ ΣΤ΄ Βρίγγας Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Gold tetarteron of Michael s reign Reign 1056–1057 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”